As of 2015, over 30 million Americans had diabetes, and more than 1 in 4 didn’t know they had it. With diabetes being so widespread, it’s good to know what it is and how to manage it.
Diabetes is a disease where blood glucose is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps your cells use glucose for energy. With diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough or any insulin, keeping glucose from reaching the cells, which can cause other health problems. So how can you manage diabetes?
What’s Your Type?
Type 1: The body does not make insulin. People with Type 1 need to take insulin daily. It is usually diagnosed in children or young adults, and experts believe the causes are genetic or environmental. Type 1 is currently not preventable, and there is no cure.
Type 2: The body does not make or use insulin well. Type 2 occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. It can be caused by obesity, not being physically active, insulin resistance or genetics. It can be prevented through diet and exercise, and may be reversible according to some studies.
Gestational: While gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and typically goes away after birth, it does make the mother more likely to develop Type 2 later in life.
The A1C test, which measures average blood sugar level over three months.
- Blood pressure.
Create a Routine.
See your doctor at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early. Common checks for diabetics include blood pressure, foot exam, weight and dental exam.
If you or someone you love has diabetes, take some time to create a plan to manage it. With some care and a solid routine, you can live a long and healthy life with diabetes!
Content by Lockton Dunning Benefits with info from: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases