Knowing the basics of CPR could save a life in the case of an emergency. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is used during a cardiac or breathing emergency. Here’s what you need to know:
Before giving CPR:
- Check the person and the scene. Tap the person on the shoulder and shout “Are you okay?” to make sure they need help.
- Call 911 or have a bystander call.
- Open the person’s airway: with them lying on their back, tilt their head back slightly to lift the chin. Check for any blockages in the back of the throat.
- Check if they’re breathing. Listen for no more than 10 seconds. Occasional gasping doesn’t count as breathing. If there is no breathing after 10 seconds, begin CPR.
CPR Steps from the Red Cross:
- Put your hands one on top of the other in the middle of the chest and push hard and fast using the heel of your hand. Use your weight to compress the chest at least 2 inches deep and at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.
- With the person’s head tilted back and chin lifted, pinch the nose shut and place your mouth over theirs to form a seal. Deliver rescue breaths by blowing into their mouth to make the chest rise. Deliver two breaths, then restart compressions.
- Repeat these steps until the person exhibits signs of breathing or an EMT or trained professional arrives. If the scene becomes unsafe or you become exhausted, end the CPR cycles.
If you’re uncomfortable doing mouth-to-mouth, research hands-only CPR.
Learning CPR is something everyone should do. Click HERE to find a class near you. You could save a life!
Content by Lockton Dunning Benefits with info from https://www.redcross.org/take-a-class/cpr/performing-cpr/cpr-steps